Research Design Fall 2007
From PsychWiki - A Collaborative Psychology Wiki
- Basic Information: I am assuming no preexisting knowledge about Research Design, so we will be using the textbook as the way to impart the “basic” information you need to know to get you up-to-speed on Research Design.
- Essential Information: During class I will then be providing more detailed information culled from the larger body of knowledge about Research Design so that you will be able to confidently conduct your own independent research after the course is over. See the previous section of Class Materials for the handouts and class powerpoints.
- Advanced Information: For each topic I will also be providing where to find the premier in-depth sources of information about that topic in case you want more advanced knowledge about a particular aspect of Research Design after the course is over.
- Generating Research Ideas
- Reading and Evaluating Research
- Measuring Variables - Creating your own measures
- Content Coding
- Validity and Reliability
- For just information about Validity: See Albright, L., & Malloy, T. E. (2000). Experimental validity: Brunswik, Campbell, Cronbach, and enduring issues. Review of General Psychology, 4, 337-353.
- For just information about Reliability: See the Spring “Statistics” class
- For information about Validity and Reliability for Qualitative Research: see Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research, by Kirk & Miller, Sage publications (part of the Qualitative Research Methods Series)
- For information about Validity and Reliability for Quantitative Research: see Reliability and Validity Assessment, by Carmines & Zeller, Sage Publications (part of the Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series)
- Qualitative Methodology
- Qualitative Methods in Psychology, by Banister et al, from McGraw-Hill, 1997. This is an excellent practical resource about conducting all types of qualitatitve research.
- Literature Reviews
- Subjects and sampling
- Practical Sampling, by Henry, Sage Publications, 1990 (part of the Applied Social Research Methods Series). This is a good overview of how to sample and the different types of sampling. Since sampling is central to almost every type of methodological design, this book is a practical way to get up-to-date on how to find and sample subjects.
- Observational Research
- Participant Observation: A Methodology for Human Studies, by Jorgensen, Sage Publications. This book covers both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of observational research. Note that observational research is a complex methodological design, so if you want to get in-depth explanation of the process, you want a book that covers both qualitative and quantitative aspects because using both aspects simultaneously ("mixed-design") is the best way to utilize this methodological approach.
- Survey Research
- Archival Research.
- Practical Meta-analysis, by Lipsey and Wilson. This book explains each step of the process in-depth. For summary information, see the PsychWiki Meta-analysis page where I describe the basic steps involved in a meta-analyses, and the books/articles to read to understand each step in the process. I divide those books/articles according to (1) how to learn what is a meta-analysis and how to evaluate one, and (2) how to conduct a meta-analyses and each step in the process.
- Experimental and Quasi-experimental
- Experimental And Quasi-experimental Designs For Research, by Campbell. This is a seminal 1963 book by Campbell that is still useful and relevant today.
- Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference, by Shadish, Cook and Campbell. This is a 2002 book that provides an excellent coverage of both Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs. Note - this 2002 is an updated version of a 1979 book called "Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings" by Cook/Campbell, and should not be confused with the 1963 book by Campbell discussed in the previous bullet point called "Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference".
- Collecting Data
- Analyzing Data
- See the Spring 2008 Class on Statistics. See also the textbook for that course -- Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, by Andy Field
- Writing Process
- Peer Review Process
- Reviewing Scientific Works in Psychology, Edited by Sternberg. This book is a masterful example of experienced researchers passing-on their hard-won knowledge about the review process for journals, books, grants, etc., and at the same time providing concrete suggestions about to be a reviewer and evaluate other's works. I can't recommend enough this book to anyone who either evaluates researcher, or is a reviewer for journals/grants.
- Guide to publishing in Psychology Journals, Edited by Sternberg. The third part of this book is about "Dealing with Referees" and how to write for referees, how to read response letters, how to revise manuscripts.
- The Psychologist's Companion, Written by Sternberg is a guide to scientific writing for students and researchers. The last few chapters about how to evaluate a paper, submit to journals, and tips for gaining acceptance are directly relevant to the peer review process.
Overview of Research Process