Help:Searching

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There are several ways to find what you are looking for:
There are several ways to find what you are looking for:
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<center>__TOC__</center>
<center>__TOC__</center>
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==Surfing mainpage==
 
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We have structured the content within PsychWiki so that all the pages are accessible through the [[Main Page]]:
 
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*All pages fall within one of the main content areas listed on the mainpage
 
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The same information can be accessed through the left-hand sidebar:
 
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*
 
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and listed in the "Content areas..." window in the left-hand sidebar.
 
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*You can also survey all pages by clicking on the "All Topics" link in the left-hand sidebar.
 
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==Search Function==
==Search Function==
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*The full-text search bar (located in the top-left under the PsychWiki logo) can be used like any other search engine, with some exceptions described below.  
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The full-text search bar (located in the top-right) can be used like any other search engine, with some exceptions described below.
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*The '''Go''' button first looks for an article with the given string as its title, and if one is found immediately goes to the indicated article. If Go fails to find an article, it then automatically executes '''Search'''
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*The '''Go''' button first looks for an article with the given string as its title, and if one is found immediately goes to the indicated article. If Go fails to find an article, it then automatically executes "Search".
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*The '''Search''' button is a full-text search for the ...  
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*The '''Search''' button is a full-text search that returns Article title matches and Page Text matches. You can refine or expand the search by clicking on the namespaces listed at the bottom of the search page.
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*Searching Exceptions and Limitaitons:
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#'''Avoid short and common words'''
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#:This is the most likely cause of an unexpected failed search. If your search terms include a common "stop word" (such as "the", "one", "your", "more", "right", "while", "when", "who", "which", "such", "every", "about", "onto"), then your search will fail without any results. Short numbers, and words that appear in half of all pages, will also not be found. In this case, drop those words and rerun the search. See [http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Help:Common_words%2C_searching_for_which_is_not_possible Common words for which searching is not possible] for the stop words filtered out by the database. From there one can at least go to a page with a stop word as title. Searching for the combination of one or more words and the common word "not" give a database query syntax error due to a bug in the software.
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#'''Search is case-insensitive'''
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#:The searches for "fortran", "Fortran" and "FORTRAN" all return the same results.
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#'''Phrase'''
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#:There is no method for searching for a phrase.  Contrary to what you might expect, enclosing phrases in double quotation marks such as "can of tuna" will retrieve all pages containing "of" "tuna" and "can".
 +
#'''No regular expressions or wildcards'''
 +
#:You cannot use regular expressions or wildcards such as ? or *. If you don't know what that is, don't worry about it. To search for pages with the words "boat" or "boats" search like this: "boat or boats".
 +
#'''Words in single quotes'''
 +
#:If a word appears in a page with single quotes, you can only find it if you search for the word with quotes. Since this is rarely desirable it is better to use double quotes in pages, for which this problem does not arise. An apostrophe is identical to a single quote, therefore Mu'ammar can be found searching for exactly that (and not otherwise). A word with apostrophe s is an exception in that it can be found also searching for the word without the apostrophe and the s.
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#'''Delay in updating the search index'''
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#:For reasons of efficiency and priority, very recent changes to pages are not always immediately taken into account in searches.
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Full-text search using the Search function on the left side bar
 
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"Go" button allows direct viewing of a specified article's contents (tries near match if no exact hit)
 
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==Using Google within PsychWiki==
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*The following link opens a Google search for only pages within PsychWiki. Open the link and type in what you are looking for:
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:► [http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&q=site%3Apsychwiki.com&btnG=Search Google search within PsychWiki]
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===Tips===
 
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====Avoid short and common words====
 
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This is the most likely cause of an unexpected failed search.
 
-
If your search terms include a common "stop word" (such as "the", "one", "your", "more", "right", "while", "when", "who", "which",
 
-
"such", "every", "about", "onto"), then your search will fail without any
 
-
results. Short numbers, and words that appear in half of all pages, will also not be found.
 
-
In this case, drop those words and rerun the search.
 
-
See [[Help:Common words, searching for which is not possible]] for the stop words filtered out by the database. From there one can at least go to a page with a stop word as title. Searching for the combination of one or more words and the common word "not" give a database query syntax error due to a bug in the software.
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==What links here==
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*Every page has a link labelled "What links here".
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*This is a form of backlinking -- the pages linking to and/or embedding the given page are listed.
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*The "What links here" facility has the following properties and limitations:
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#a list of articles which links to the specified page are displayed chronologically, from old at the top to most recently linked at the bottom.
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#not listed are subpages that just have an automatic link to a page.
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#the backlinks feature shows which backlinks are redirects. This makes it a useful tool for finding double redirects, which do not work, and, except in special applications can better be replaced by redirects to the final target.
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*The list of links to an article is useful in a number of ways:
 +
#It gives a very rough indication of how popular a page is. Pages with many links are likely to be viewed often and should therefore be of the very best quality. Pages with few or no links may not be very popular.
 +
#Where the subject material of an article is unclear, the list of articles linking to it might provide useful context. For instance when presented with a stub about John Smith that gives only his date of birth and death, viewing the list of links to the article might reveal that he won a gold medal in the Olympics.  
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See [[Help:Short words in searches]] for a procedure to allow MySQL to index words shorter than four letters.
 
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====Search is case-insensitive====
 
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The searches for "fortran", "Fortran" and "FORTRAN" all return the same results.
 
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<!-- ===Boolean search possible===
 
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You can use the words "and", "or" and "not" and parentheses in order to
 
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formulate more complicated requests.
 
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If none of those words is specified, "and" is used by default.
 
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For instance, "indian not american" will return all pages that contain the
 
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word "indian" but don't contain the word "american".
 
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The search "(Adolph or Adolf) and Hitler" will return all pages which
 
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contain "Hitler" and either "Adolf" or "Adolph".
 
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-->
 
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====Words with special characters====
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==Other Ways to find what you are looking for==
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In a search for a word with a [[w:diaeresis|diaeresis]], such as Sint Odili&euml;nberg, it depends whether this ë is stored as one character or as "&amp;euml;". In the first case one can simply search for Odilienberg (or Odili&euml;nberg); in the second case it can only be found by searching for Odili, euml and/or nberg.  This is actually a bug that should be fixed -- the entities should be folded into their raw character equivalents so all searches on them are equivalent. See also [[Help:Special characters]].
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:1. Surfing the '''Mainpage'''
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::*We have structured the content within PsychWiki so that all the pages are accessible through the [[Main Page]] via the "Content Areas" or other links listed on the mainpage.
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::*Also, all the articles can be found by clicking on the [[Special:Allpages | "All Topics"]] link listed on the left-hand sidebar.
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==== Phrase ====
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:2Using the '''Special pages''' section found [[Special:Specialpages | here]] which allows you to search for:
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There is no method for searching for a phraseContrary to what you might expect, enclosing phrases in double quotation marks such as "can of tuna" will retrieve all pages containing "of" "tuna" and "can".
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::* '''[[Special:Allpages | All Topics]]''' - lists all pages within PsychWiki in alphabetical order. Initially, the "All Topics" page lists those Articles within the "Main" namespace, but you can also refine or expand your search by viewing Article or Discussion pages within other namespaces, such as "help", "templates", "images", "MediaWiki", "Categories", and "Users" (i.e., "namespaces" are simply classification labels to help organize the pages). The "All Topics" page only lists pages that have been edited (so not pages with red links that have no content yet).
 +
::* '''[[Special:Randompage | Random page]]''' - redirects to a random page from the main namespace which is not a redirect. Other namespaces can be specified as a parameter. Fun to use to look around PsychWiki.
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===Searching limitations and Gotchas===
 
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====No regular expressions or wildcards====
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::* '''[[Special:Longpages| Long pages]]''' - shows pages in the main namespace, with size in bytes, in order of decreasing size.  
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You cannot use [[w:regular expression|regular expression]]s or wildcards such as ? or *. If you don't know what that is, don't worry about it. To search for pages with the words "boat" or "boats" search like this: "boat or boats".
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::* '''[[Special:Shortpages | Short pages]]''' - shows pages in the main namespace, with size (of the wikitext excluding that of templates used) in bytes, in order of increasing size.
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====Words in single quotes====
 
-
If a word appears in a page with single quotes, you can only find it if you search for the word with quotes. Since this is rarely desirable it is better to use double quotes in pages, for which this problem does not arise.
 
-
An apostrophe is identical to a single quote, therefore Mu'ammar can be found searching for exactly that (and not otherwise). A word with apostrophe s is an exception in that it can be found also searching for the word without the apostrophe and the s.
+
::* '''[[Special:Newpages| New pages]]''' - shows newest pages with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation.  
 +
::* '''[[Special:Ancientpages | Oldest pages]]''' - shows pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, in order of creation.
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====Delay in updating the search index====
 
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For reasons of efficiency and priority, very recent changes to pages are not always immediately taken into account in searches.
 
 +
::* '''[[Special:Mostlinked | Most linked pages]]''' - pages with the most links in descending order.
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::* '''[[Special:Popularpages| Popular pages]]''' - shows the most visited pages.
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::* '''[[Special:Wantedpages | Wanted pages]]''' - show Articles which have been requested / most wanted, but do not yet have content. Any interwiki linking with "red" links means the page has been created but not edited yet, so "Wanted Pages" shows the pages in descending order that are most wanted.
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::* '''[[Special:Categories | Categories]]''' - shows which "Categories" exist within PsychWiki. Categories are automatic indexes that are useful as a table of contents. PsychWiki uses Categories for the research, people, concepts, null findings, and Virtual Lab Meeting.
 +
::* '''[[Special:Uncategorizedpages | Uncategorized pages]]''' - shows pages without category tags (note that after adding a tag to a page refreshing this page does not immediately reflects the change).
 +
::* '''[[Special:Uncategorizedcategories | Uncategorized categories]]''' - shows categories that do not have a "meta-category".
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::* '''[[Special:Unusedcategories| Unused categories]]''' - shows categories that have been created but no pages have been added to that category yet.
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::* '''[[Special:BrokenRedirects | Broken Redirects]]''' - shows "redirect links" to non-existing pages.
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::* '''[[Special:DoubleRedirects| Double Redirects]]''' - Each row contains links to the first and second redirect, as well as the first line of the second redirect text, usually giving the "real" target page, which the first redirect should point to.
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::* '''[[Special:Deadendpages| Dead-end pages]]''' - shows pages without any outgoing links.
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::* '''[[Special:Lonelypages | Orphaned pages]]''' - shows pages without any incoming links to that page.
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::* '''[[Special:Imagelist| File List]]''' - lists all uploaded files by name.
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::* '''[[Special:Newimages | Newimages]]''' - lists all uploaded files by picture.
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==Using Google within PsychWiki==
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::* '''[[Special:Unusedimages | Unused files]]''' - list all uploaded files that are not currently being used.
-
*The following link opens a Google search for only pages within PsychWiki.  
+
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:After opening the link, type in what you are looking for:
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:[http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&lr=&q=site%3Apsychwiki.com&btnG=Search Google search within PsychWiki]
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==What links here==
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"What links here" allows you to view pages that link to the current page (backlinks)
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==Special Pages==
 
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In the "Special pages" section you can view all pages, view only new pages, most popular articles, or most wanted articles.
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◄ Back to [[Help:Contents | Help main page]]

Latest revision as of 20:31, 28 April 2012

There are several ways to find what you are looking for:

Contents

Search Function

The full-text search bar (located in the top-right) can be used like any other search engine, with some exceptions described below.

  1. Avoid short and common words
    This is the most likely cause of an unexpected failed search. If your search terms include a common "stop word" (such as "the", "one", "your", "more", "right", "while", "when", "who", "which", "such", "every", "about", "onto"), then your search will fail without any results. Short numbers, and words that appear in half of all pages, will also not be found. In this case, drop those words and rerun the search. See Common words for which searching is not possible for the stop words filtered out by the database. From there one can at least go to a page with a stop word as title. Searching for the combination of one or more words and the common word "not" give a database query syntax error due to a bug in the software.
  2. Search is case-insensitive
    The searches for "fortran", "Fortran" and "FORTRAN" all return the same results.
  3. Phrase
    There is no method for searching for a phrase. Contrary to what you might expect, enclosing phrases in double quotation marks such as "can of tuna" will retrieve all pages containing "of" "tuna" and "can".
  4. No regular expressions or wildcards
    You cannot use regular expressions or wildcards such as ? or *. If you don't know what that is, don't worry about it. To search for pages with the words "boat" or "boats" search like this: "boat or boats".
  5. Words in single quotes
    If a word appears in a page with single quotes, you can only find it if you search for the word with quotes. Since this is rarely desirable it is better to use double quotes in pages, for which this problem does not arise. An apostrophe is identical to a single quote, therefore Mu'ammar can be found searching for exactly that (and not otherwise). A word with apostrophe s is an exception in that it can be found also searching for the word without the apostrophe and the s.
  6. Delay in updating the search index
    For reasons of efficiency and priority, very recent changes to pages are not always immediately taken into account in searches.



Using Google within PsychWiki

Google search within PsychWiki



What links here

  1. a list of articles which links to the specified page are displayed chronologically, from old at the top to most recently linked at the bottom.
  2. not listed are subpages that just have an automatic link to a page.
  3. the backlinks feature shows which backlinks are redirects. This makes it a useful tool for finding double redirects, which do not work, and, except in special applications can better be replaced by redirects to the final target.
  1. It gives a very rough indication of how popular a page is. Pages with many links are likely to be viewed often and should therefore be of the very best quality. Pages with few or no links may not be very popular.
  2. Where the subject material of an article is unclear, the list of articles linking to it might provide useful context. For instance when presented with a stub about John Smith that gives only his date of birth and death, viewing the list of links to the article might reveal that he won a gold medal in the Olympics.



Other Ways to find what you are looking for

1. Surfing the Mainpage
  • We have structured the content within PsychWiki so that all the pages are accessible through the Main Page via the "Content Areas" or other links listed on the mainpage.
  • Also, all the articles can be found by clicking on the "All Topics" link listed on the left-hand sidebar.


2. Using the Special pages section found here which allows you to search for:
  • All Topics - lists all pages within PsychWiki in alphabetical order. Initially, the "All Topics" page lists those Articles within the "Main" namespace, but you can also refine or expand your search by viewing Article or Discussion pages within other namespaces, such as "help", "templates", "images", "MediaWiki", "Categories", and "Users" (i.e., "namespaces" are simply classification labels to help organize the pages). The "All Topics" page only lists pages that have been edited (so not pages with red links that have no content yet).
  • Random page - redirects to a random page from the main namespace which is not a redirect. Other namespaces can be specified as a parameter. Fun to use to look around PsychWiki.


  • Long pages - shows pages in the main namespace, with size in bytes, in order of decreasing size.
  • Short pages - shows pages in the main namespace, with size (of the wikitext excluding that of templates used) in bytes, in order of increasing size.


  • New pages - shows newest pages with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation.
  • Oldest pages - shows pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, in order of creation.


  • Most linked pages - pages with the most links in descending order.
  • Popular pages - shows the most visited pages.
  • Wanted pages - show Articles which have been requested / most wanted, but do not yet have content. Any interwiki linking with "red" links means the page has been created but not edited yet, so "Wanted Pages" shows the pages in descending order that are most wanted.


  • Categories - shows which "Categories" exist within PsychWiki. Categories are automatic indexes that are useful as a table of contents. PsychWiki uses Categories for the research, people, concepts, null findings, and Virtual Lab Meeting.
  • Uncategorized pages - shows pages without category tags (note that after adding a tag to a page refreshing this page does not immediately reflects the change).
  • Uncategorized categories - shows categories that do not have a "meta-category".
  • Unused categories - shows categories that have been created but no pages have been added to that category yet.


  • Broken Redirects - shows "redirect links" to non-existing pages.
  • Double Redirects - Each row contains links to the first and second redirect, as well as the first line of the second redirect text, usually giving the "real" target page, which the first redirect should point to.



  • File List - lists all uploaded files by name.
  • Newimages - lists all uploaded files by picture.
  • Unused files - list all uploaded files that are not currently being used.





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