2006 Gallup Positive Psychology Summit
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This page is for notes from the 2006 Positive Psychology Summit held at the Gallup Building in Washington DC. These notes are the reconstructed and filtered opinions of attendees and as such, do not represent any official record or official viewpoint of any of the presenters. No attendee could reasonably attend every session or write down every wonderful detail as well, so please excuse the incompleteness. Still, in the spirit of positive psychology, it is hoped that these notes prove useful to positive psychology researchers.
If you attended the summit and have notes to contribute, please consider editing this document by using the edit tab at the top of this page or the edit link in each section. Good formatting is encouraged, but don't worry if it isn't formatted perfectly as others who are watching this page will help.
Workshop: Teaching Positive Psychology - Tal Ben-Shahar
- Bring Psychology research to the masses
- It is important to cater to the "click generation" by using art, music, quotes, humor, & stories
- He plays "cheezy" music before classes to prime certain thoughts and students actually come early to hear what he plays.
- He told a story about Roger Bannister and the 4 minute mile which used to be considered an impossible barrier to breach. Nobody believed that it was possible until Roger Bannister ran under 4 minutes. As soon as it was proven to be possible, numerous other runners broke the 4 minute mile barrier. Why did all these people break the barrier at the same time? The power of belief! As long as they believed they couldn't break 4 minutes, it was a self-fulfillling prophecy.
- All stories are backed by research. On belief, he tells of an experiment ((Rosenthal & Jacobsen, 1968)) where teachers were told that some students were 'spurters' who would learn faster than others. This expectation became self-fulfilling as the randomly chosed spurters gained faster than the other kids. He also told of an experiment by Langer (cit?) where older people who experienced a week pretending to be 20 years in the past ended up having better memory, improved health, and general characteristics of youth.
- Make things personal
"This is a class I wanted to take as an undergrad". "people can tell when you are talking from the inside...share your own experiences."
- Permission to be human - He told a story of being approached by students who warned him that he couldn't appear unhappy in the cafeteria if he was teaching a positive psychology course. On the contrary, all happy people still experience negative emotions and it is important to allow ourselves these feelings or we will pay a cost.
- He showed a video of a baby going from laughing to crying to laughing to crying etc...
- This relates to Carl Rogers' Humanism, Ironic Processing, Wegner.
- An experiment..."Instruction->do not think of pink elephant" How well does that work? Well then, let's try another..."do not be anxious". It's as harmful as saying "I will not accept gravity".
- There exists a "Great deception" as people don't admit how they are doing. When asked, how are you? most people feel social pressure to answer "fine" no matter how they feel and so we have a misconception that everyone is fine.
- We did a self acceptance of emotions meditation drawing on davidson and kabatzin mindfulness research. shelly taylor vizualization
- Action AND reflection Class needs to be experiential...ie gratitude exercise. Reflactive learning.. (Markus Howard King 1993)
- Habit charts.
- (Baumeister 1998) Students who exerted discipline in eating radishes instead of chocolate exhibited less discipline on a later task. The limited resource of dicipline should not be wasted.
- How many people put effort into brushing your teeth every morning? Making something a habit means that it doesn't deplete limited discipline. "We make our habits and our habits make us".
- Teaching style
- Authentic = authority. Research shows that people who are perceived as authentic are perceived as being more authoritative.
- Operate on strengths. It is easier to go from 10 to 40 than from 0 to 10 easier. You should use teaching strengths... A study: what's more important to work on? 75% said weaknesses over strengths. Tal disagrees.
- Prepare, prepare, prepare then improvise
- Be a Role model...people do what you do, not what you say....We then did an exercise where he deliberately did one thing while demonstrating another and most of the room did what he demonstrated, not what he said (cheek not chin.
- Marva Collins as an example of teaching while believing in the possibilities of one's students.
- All materials online... www.fas.harvard.edu/~psy1504
PANEL: WELL-BEING IN AFRICA
- Ranking millenium development goals in various countries for individuals...ie health vs education vs technology...
- Important to ask because we may not know what people want. Example: Ugandan boreholes are unused by women who want the social time provided by the 20 mile walk to the well...otherwise, they'd have to do other work
- World poll - Ask the same set of questions in various countries each year for 100 years.
- Optimism in africa is inversely correlated with income and education...opposite the west. - data from www.afrobarometer.org
- Well being index..measures happiness in various domains
- Some world poll data will be available on Gallup website...some will require payment.
RICHARD FLORIDA - The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent
- Experienced the flight of jobs from Pittsburgh, despite the infrastructure. When Lycos moved to Boston, he realized that talented creative people matter more than business infrastructure to a cities economy.
- Causes or correlates of the city creativity include measures of bohemian lifestyle (ie. Gay culture)
- Currently working on the "Soul of the City" survey
- He is actively seeking stories about people and their stories of their interaction with place. ie. why they chose to live where they do?
BARBARA FREDRICKSON Positive Emotions Broaden Your Mind and Build the Life You Want
change in mindfulness scale...broaden hypothesis seeing big picture...pick out races better in neg mood
MICHAEL STEGER - The Pursuit of Meaning in Life
- Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology
University of Louisville (KY) USA
- Steger...meaning in life scale....emmons personal striving scale...forward him meaning data from liferank? Michael_f_steger at yahoo.com....michael.f.steger.googlepages.com/home
- carol rif and beaker meaning in geriatric patients?
PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Thought experiment. Genie with cape color Giving positive psychology away...living independently for elders...email to ask about it?
Gable & dweck think about good things as deeply as bad....converse about bad longer Leverage strengths (peterson)
Thegreenberggroup.org strengths and engaged moments of employees....enthusiastic sponsor
Positive and negative explanatory styles in lawyers...neg predicts success...instrinsic to extrinsic motivation david shearon high depression rates.
Flourishingschools.org workshops to bring out the best in teachers 5 parts over 3 days Via strengths. Exercising to build positive emotions Hope and appreciative inquiry to create plans Presented positive psych data
DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities
- Professor - Princeton University (NJ) USA
- Senior Scientist – The Gallup Organization
- Daniel kahneman....remembered self vs experiencing self leads to interest in time use...easier to control. How do you feel right now?
Day reconstruction...difmax happy minus max tense, angry, depress? U index how often neg 18% amer women...21 on wwekday 14 weekend...top 10% account for 40% In columbus and france Similar results....low energy...sleep quality...affective disposition Engaged leisure eatinf talking passive leisure. Home compulsory work commute American women less happy in childcare...much more with children...better social...pet almost as good as friend...us better working...french better eating...frnch advantage by having vacations....
Life factors impact life sat...not experienced
Cost benefit of mates.....married less alone...more w fam less w friends more compulsory home tasks less discretionary activities....people who are rich work a lot and don't like it much more
2 dimensions of happiness.....pleasure and arousal....satisfied equals aroused but tense
Improving time use in addition to attention
CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings
- Park - Professor of Psychology
- University of Rhode Island (RI) USA
- Peterson - Professor of Psychology
- University of Michigan (MI) USA
Peterson strengths....age eq more religious. Less humor...married eq more forgive
Content analysis of talk about child Youth most love, kind. Creative, humor, curious Less authentic, grateful, modest, forgiving, open minded
Gratitude comes at 7 related happ Maintaining curiosity leads to happiness in adults...all children are this way Positive outcomes Military eq love Teacher eq zest humor academic kids contr iq eq persevere love, grat Happy kids eq love, hope, zest, grat Parenting....parent self control eq child hap
Faith hope and love up after 9 11
Use signature strengths in novel ways less depr and more happy
Tradeoff graph....heart mind....self other
MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications
- Professor of Psychology
Claremont Graduate University (CA) USA Flow
Focused attention Less self conscious Action and awareness merge Freedom from work about failure Forget about time Experience is its own reward auto telic
Conditions Clear goals at every step Immediate feedback to actions Balance between challenge and skill else anxiety or boredom
Talk about buildings in denmark and getty center Examples like poet, chess
Fast company article on flow
JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science
- Associate Professor of Psychology
University of Virginia (VA) USA
Haidt ancient wisdom Rider driver vs elephant Flourishing class Train elephant Change elephant surrounding Understand rider elephant relationship
We are moralistic hypocrites...accurate of others...blind to self Naive realism Motivated reasoning search for evidence on side we want to suppport Manacheism bush bin laden vs samsara Foundations of morals 5 groups Harm fairness ingroup authority purity
sacred victim vs Sacred system Liberals use victim...conserv use all 5 Diversity and mobility lead to thin morality
Happiness hypothesis... From outside getting what you want or from within...auth hap goos work,love and strengths in service of others... Ultrasociality bees wasps ants termites moles and us Slider switch of altruism Good leader makes good hive Happiness comes from between relationships
- Add humility to psychwiki.
- Optimism vs optimism induction in network analysis scheier
Res competitions on pos energy and place oct 4-6 2006...mysore conference?