2006 Gallup Positive Psychology Summit

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* Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology
* Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology
University of Louisville (KY) USA
University of Louisville (KY) USA
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* Steger...meaning in life scale....emmons personal striving scale...forward him meaning data from liferank?  Michael_f_steger at yahoo.com....michael.f.steger.googlepages.com/home  
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* michael.f.steger.googlepages.com/home
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*carol rif and beaker meaning in geriatric patients?  
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* The search for meaning is associated with lower well being.
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* Developed the [[meaning in life]] questionaire which assesses the presence and searching for [[meaning in life]].
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* carol rif and beaker meaning in geriatric patients?
== PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY ==
== PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY ==
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* Introduction: Thought experiment. Do you want to be able to be a superhero who can stop bad things or promote good things in life?
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Thought experiment. Genie with cape color
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* Part of the program is to give positive psychology away (one example is working on living independently for elders)
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Giving positive psychology away...living independently for elders...email to ask about it?
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* Gable & Dweck - It is a challenge to think about good things as deeply as bad....We talk about both, but we talk in greater depth about bad things.
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* Leverage strengths (peterson)
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Gable & dweck think about good things as deeply as bad....converse about bad longer
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* http://www.Pennpositivepsych.org
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Leverage strengths (peterson)
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* 5 speakers who talked about their experience in the program and what they are currently doing with it.
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** http://www.Thegreenberggroup.org worked on increasing strengths and engaged moments of employees in an IT organization with help from an enthusiastic sponsor within the organization.
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Thegreenberggroup.org strengths and engaged moments of employees....enthusiastic sponsor
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** A lawyer talked about positive and negative explanatory styles in lawyers...negativity actually predicts success in lawyers, perhaps related to ideas of depth of processing that negative moods elicit
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*** instrinsic to extrinsic motivation shift as lawyers complete school and begin their careers
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Positive and negative explanatory styles in lawyers...neg predicts success...instrinsic to extrinsic motivation david shearon  high depression rates.
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*** high depression rates.
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** http://www.Flourishingschools.org workshops to bring out the best in teachers
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Flourishingschools.org workshops to bring out the best in teachers
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*** 5 parts over 3 days
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5 parts over 3 days
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*** Via strengths.
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Via strengths.
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*** Exercising to build positive emotions
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Exercising to build positive emotions
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*** Hope and appreciative inquiry to create plans
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Hope and appreciative inquiry to create plans
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*** Presented positive psych data
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Presented positive psych data
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** Personality strength profiles of Leadership
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Leadership....pollay?
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Pennpositivepsych.org
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== DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities ==
== DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities ==
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*Professor - Princeton University (NJ) USA
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* Professor - Princeton University (NJ) USA
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*Senior Scientist – The Gallup Organization
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* Senior Scientist – The Gallup Organization
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*Daniel kahneman....remembered self vs experiencing self leads to interest in time use...easier to control.  How do you feel right now?
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* remembered self vs experiencing self - Satisfaction rates remembered self.  Both matter.
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Day reconstruction...difmax happy minus max tense, angry, depress?
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* Life factors impact life sat...not experienced
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U index how often neg
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* leads to interest in time use...we can manipulate happiness by creating policy that leads people to spend time in activities that we know they enjoy
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18% amer women...21 on wwekday 14 weekend...top 10% account for 40%
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* Day reconstruction method study in Columbus, Ohio and France
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In columbus and france
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** ...used "difmax" happiness minus max(tense, angry, depress?)
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Similar results....low energy...sleep quality...affective disposition
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** U index how often negative....18% amer women...21% on wwekday 14% weekend...top 10% account for 40% of negative happiness
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Engaged leisure eatinf talking  passive leisure. Home compulsory work commute
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** Similar results in both cities.
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American women less happy in childcare...much more with children...better social...pet almost as good as friend...us better working...french better eating...frnch advantage by having vacations....
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** low energy predicts neg. happiness
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** sleep quality & affective disposition predict happiness
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Life factors impact life sat...not experienced
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** Engaged leisure, eating, talking, & passive leisure are happy tasks ** Home compulsory work & commuting are not happy tasks
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** American women are less happy during childcare and spend much more with children
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Cost benefit of mates.....married less alone...more w fam less w friends  more compulsory home tasks  less discretionary activities....people who are rich work a lot and don't like it much more
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** it is better to be social & a pet almost is as good as friend...
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** Americans are happier working than French
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2 dimensions of happiness.....pleasure and arousal....satisfied equals aroused but tense
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** French are happier eating than Americans...
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** French have happiness advantage by having many more vacations....
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Improving time use in addition to attention
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** Cost benefit of mates.....
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*** married less alone...
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*** more w fam less w friends   
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*** more compulsory home tasks   
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*** less discretionary activities....
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** people who are rich work a lot and don't like it much more
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* 2 dimensions of happiness.....pleasure and arousal....satisfied equals aroused but tense
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* It is important to improve time use in addition to attention
== CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings ==
== CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings ==
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*Peterson - Professor of Psychology
*Peterson - Professor of Psychology
*University of Michigan (MI) USA
*University of Michigan (MI) USA
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Peterson strengths....age eq more religious. Less humor...married eq more forgive
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* Older equals more religious strengths. Less humor strength prevalence
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* Married people have more forgiveness strength
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Content analysis of talk about child
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* Content analysis of parents talking about children
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Youth most love, kind. Creative, humor, curious
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** Youth strengths more prevalent: love, kind. Creative, humor, curious
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Less authentic, grateful, modest, forgiving, open minded
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** Youth strengths less prevalent:authentic, grateful, modest, forgiving, open minded
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* Gratitude develops at age 7 related happ
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Gratitude comes at 7 related happ
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* Maintaining curiosity strength leads to happiness in adults...all children are this way
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Maintaining curiosity leads to happiness in adults...all children are this way
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* Positive outcomes in domains
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Positive outcomes
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** Military outcomes best with love strength
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Military eq love
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** Teacher outcomes best with zest humor
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Teacher eq zest humor
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** Kids academic Achievement controlling for IQ correlated with perseverance, love, & gratitude
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academic kids contr iq eq persevere love, grat
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** Happy kids correlated with love, hope, zest, gratitude
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Happy kids eq love, hope, zest, grat
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** Parenting....child happiness associated with self control  
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Parenting....parent self control eq child hap
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* Faith, hope, and love strengths up after 9/11
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* Using signature strengths in novel ways leads to less depression  and more happiness
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Faith hope and love up after 9 11
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* Showed amazing graph of the tradeoffs in strengths along 2 dimensions (heart/mind & self/other)...lower correlations of strength incidence when things fall at different areas of the graph
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Use signature strengths in novel ways less depr and more happy
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Tradeoff graph....heart mind....self other
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== MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications ==
== MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications ==
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* Professor of Psychology
* Professor of Psychology
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Claremont Graduate University (CA) USA
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* Claremont Graduate University (CA) USA
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Flow
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* Characteristics of Flow
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** Focused attention
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Focused attention
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** Less self conscious
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Less self conscious
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** Action and awareness merge
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Action and awareness merge
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** Freedom from work about failure
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Freedom from work about failure
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** Forget about time
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Forget about time
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** Experience is its own reward...auto telic
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Experience is its own reward auto telic
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* Conditions which lead to flow
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** Clear goals at every step
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Conditions
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** Immediate feedback to actions
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Clear goals at every step
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** Balance between challenge and skill else anxiety or boredom
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Immediate feedback to actions
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* Talked  about buildings in denmark and  getty center which he helped design to encourage flow
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Balance between challenge and skill else anxiety or boredom
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* used examples or people in flow like poet, chess player
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* Fast company article on flow
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Talk about buildings in denmark and  getty center
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Examples like poet, chess
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Fast company article on flow
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== JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science ==
== JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science ==
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* Associate Professor of Psychology
* Associate Professor of Psychology
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University of Virginia (VA) USA
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* University of Virginia (VA) USA
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* Ancient wisdom
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Haidt ancient wisdom
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** We are more like an elephant rider than a car driver..ie. our minds are hard to control exactly
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Rider driver vs elephant
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** Flourishing class he teaches where you need to train the elephant, rather than just deciding to be different
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Flourishing class
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** Change elephant/minds surrounding
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Train elephant
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** Understand rider/elephant relationship is key
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Change elephant surrounding
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* We are moralistic hypocrites...accurate of others...blind to our own moral issues
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Understand rider elephant relationship
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* Naive realism
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* Motivated reasoning  search for evidence on side we want to suppport
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We are moralistic hypocrites...accurate of others...blind to self
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* Manacheism - the framing of things in pure good/evil terms
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Naive realism
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** ie bush/bin laden vs samsara (In India, good/evil are seen as less separate)
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Motivated reasoning  search for evidence on side we want to suppport
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* Foundations of morals  
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Manacheism   bush bin laden vs samsara
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** 5 groups - Harm, fairness, ingroup, authority, purity
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Foundations of morals 5 groups
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** sacred victim vs Sacred system  
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Harm fairness ingroup authority purity
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** Liberals use Harm/Fairness...conserv use all 5 foundations
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** Perhaps diversity and mobility in places where liberals live lead to thin morality
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sacred victim vs Sacred system  
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* Happiness hypothesis...
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Liberals use victim...conserv use all 5
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** From outside getting what you want or from within...
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Diversity and mobility lead to thin morality
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** auth hap goos work,love and strengths in service of others...
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** Ultrasociality - bees, wasps, ants, termites, moles and humans
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Happiness hypothesis...
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** Slider switch of altruism  
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From outside getting what you want or from within...auth hap goos work,love and strengths in service of others...
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** Good leader makes good hive
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Ultrasociality bees wasps ants termites moles and us
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** Happiness comes from between relationships (ie. harmonious relationship between elephant and rider)
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Slider switch of altruism
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Good leader makes good hive
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Happiness comes from between relationships
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== Poster Notes ==
== Poster Notes ==
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== Other Notes ==
== Other Notes ==
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Res competitions on pos energy and place oct 4-6 2006...mysore conference?
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* Research competition for next year on the relationship between positive energy and place.  
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* There will be a positive psychology related conference in Mysore, India?

Latest revision as of 02:03, 24 November 2010

This page is for notes from the 2006 Positive Psychology Summit held at the Gallup Building in Washington DC. These notes are the reconstructed and filtered opinions of attendees and as such, do not represent any official record or official viewpoint of any of the presenters. No attendee could reasonably attend every session or write down every wonderful detail as well, so please excuse the incompleteness. Still, in the spirit of positive psychology, it is hoped that these notes prove useful to positive psychology researchers.

If you attended the summit and have notes to contribute, please consider editing this document by using the edit tab at the top of this page or the edit link in each section. Good formatting is encouraged, but don't worry if it isn't formatted perfectly as others who are watching this page will help.


Contents

Workshop: Teaching Positive Psychology - Tal Ben-Shahar

"This is a class I wanted to take as an undergrad". "people can tell when you are talking from the inside...share your own experiences."


PANEL: WELL-BEING IN AFRICA


RICHARD FLORIDA - The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent

BARBARA FREDRICKSON Positive Emotions Broaden Your Mind and Build the Life You Want

MICHAEL STEGER - The Pursuit of Meaning in Life

University of Louisville (KY) USA

PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities

CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications

JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science

Poster Notes

Other Notes

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