2006 Gallup Positive Psychology Summit

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* All materials online... www.fas.harvard.edu/~psy1504
* All materials online... www.fas.harvard.edu/~psy1504
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Add humility to psychwiki.
 
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Optimism vs optimism induction in network analysis scheier
 
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Gallup world poll
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== PANEL: WELL-BEING IN AFRICA ==
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Ranking millenium development goals in various countries for individuals...ie health vs education vs technology...ugandan boreholes unused by women....social time
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John mccarthur at un milenium project & earth institute at columbia university
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* Ranking millenium development goals in various countries for individuals...ie health vs education vs technology...
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** Important to ask because we may not know what people want.  Example: Ugandan boreholes are unused by women who want the social time provided by the 20 mile walk to the well...otherwise, they'd have to do other work
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* World poll - Ask the same set of questions in various countries each year for 100 years.
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* Optimism in africa is inversely correlated with income and education...opposite the west. - data from www.afrobarometer.org
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* Well being index..measures happiness in various domains
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* Some world poll data will be available on Gallup website...some will require payment.
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Optimism in africa is inversely correlated with income and education...opposite the west...carol ? U MD  www.afrobarometer.org
 
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Well being index..
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== RICHARD FLORIDA - The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent ==
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* Experienced the flight of jobs from Pittsburgh, despite the infrastructure. When Lycos moved to Boston, he realized that talented creative people matter more than business infrastructure to a cities economy.
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* Causes or correlates of the city creativity include measures of bohemian lifestyle (ie. Gay culture)
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* Currently working on the "Soul of the City" survey
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* www.Creativeclass.org
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* He is actively seeking stories about people and their stories of their interaction with place.  ie. why they chose to live where they do?
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Creativeclass.org email him about curiosity and bohemia? Florida@gmu.edu
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== BARBARA FREDRICKSON Positive Emotions Broaden Your Mind and Build the Life You Want ==
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Frederickson....change in mindfulness scale...broaden hypothesis seeing big picture...pick out races better in neg mood
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change in mindfulness scale
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broaden hypothesis - positive moods help you see the big picture
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*  http://www.unc.edu/peplab/broadening.html
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*  people focus on details more in a face recognition task when in a negative mood...replicates previous findings in Social Psych on mood and depth of processing
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*  people have more action urges with positive moods
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Www.bath.ac.uk/whoqol
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== MICHAEL STEGER - The Pursuit of Meaning in Life ==
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Steger...meaning in life scale....emmons personal striving scale...forward him meaning data from liferank?  Michael_f_steger@yahoo.com....michael.f.steger.googlepages.com/home  carol rif and beaker meaning in geriatric patients?
 
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Mapp program...
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* Assistant Professor of Counseling Psychology
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University of Louisville (KY) USA
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* michael.f.steger.googlepages.com/home 
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* The search for meaning is associated with lower well being.
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* Developed the [[meaning in life]] questionaire which assesses the presence and searching for [[meaning in life]].
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* carol rif and beaker meaning in geriatric patients?
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Thought experiment. Genie with cape color
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== PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY ==
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Giving positive psychology away...living independently for elders...email to ask about it?
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Gable & dweck think about good things as deeply as bad....converse about bad longer
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* Introduction: Thought experiment. Do you want to be able to be a superhero who can stop bad things or promote good things in life?
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Leverage strengths (peterson)
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* Part of the program is to give positive psychology away (one example is working on living independently for elders)
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* Gable & Dweck - It is a challenge to think about good things as deeply as bad....We talk about both, but we talk in greater depth about bad things.
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* Leverage strengths (peterson)
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* http://www.Pennpositivepsych.org
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* 5 speakers who talked about their experience in the program and what they are currently doing with it.
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** http://www.Thegreenberggroup.org worked on increasing strengths and engaged moments of employees in an IT organization with help from an enthusiastic sponsor within the organization.
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** A lawyer talked about positive and negative explanatory styles in lawyers...negativity actually predicts success in lawyers, perhaps related to ideas of depth of processing that negative moods elicit
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*** instrinsic to extrinsic motivation shift as lawyers complete school and begin their careers
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*** high depression rates.
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** http://www.Flourishingschools.org workshops to bring out the best in teachers
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*** 5 parts over 3 days
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*** Via strengths.
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*** Exercising to build positive emotions
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*** Hope and appreciative inquiry to create plans
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*** Presented positive psych data
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** Personality strength profiles of Leadership
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Thegreenberggroup.org strengths and engaged moments of employees....enthusiastic sponsor
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== DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities ==
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Positive and negative explanatory styles in lawyers...neg predicts success...instrinsic to extrinsic motivation david shearon high depression rates.
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* Professor - Princeton University (NJ) USA
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* Senior Scientist – The Gallup Organization
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* remembered self vs experiencing self - Satisfaction rates remembered self.  Both matter.
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* Life factors impact life sat...not experienced
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* leads to interest in time use...we can manipulate happiness by creating policy that leads people to spend time in activities that we know they enjoy
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* Day reconstruction method study in Columbus, Ohio and France
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** ...used "difmax" happiness minus max(tense, angry, depress?)
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** U index how often negative....18% amer women...21% on wwekday 14% weekend...top 10% account for 40% of negative happiness
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** Similar results in both cities.
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** low energy predicts neg. happiness
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** sleep quality & affective disposition predict happiness
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** Engaged leisure, eating, talking, &  passive leisure are happy tasks ** Home compulsory work & commuting are not happy tasks
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** American women are less happy during childcare and spend much more with children
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** it is better to be social & a pet almost is as good as friend...
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** Americans are happier working than French
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** French are happier eating than Americans...
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** French have happiness advantage by having many more vacations....
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** Cost benefit of mates.....
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*** married less alone...
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*** more w fam less w friends  
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*** more compulsory home tasks  
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*** less discretionary activities....
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** people who are rich work a lot and don't like it much more
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* 2 dimensions of happiness.....pleasure and arousal....satisfied equals aroused but tense
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* It is important to improve time use in addition to attention
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Flourishingschools.org workshops to bring out the best in teachers
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== CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings ==
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5 parts over 3 days
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Via strengths.
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Exercising to build positive emotions
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Hope and appreciative inquiry to create plans
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Presented positive psych data
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Leadership....pollay?
 
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Pennpositivepsych.org
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*Park - Professor of Psychology
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*University of Rhode Island (RI) USA
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Daniel kahneman....remembered self vs experiencing self leads to interest in time use...easier to control.  How do you feel right now?
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*Peterson - Professor of Psychology
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Day reconstruction...difmax happy minus max tense, angry, depress?
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*University of Michigan (MI) USA
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U index how often neg
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* Older equals more religious strengths. Less humor strength prevalence
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18% amer women...21 on wwekday 14 weekend...top 10% account for 40%
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* Married people have more forgiveness strength
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In columbus and france
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* Content analysis of parents talking about children
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Similar results....low energy...sleep quality...affective disposition
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** Youth strengths more prevalent: love, kind. Creative, humor, curious
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Engaged leisure eatinf talking passive leisure. Home compulsory work commute
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** Youth strengths less prevalent:authentic, grateful, modest, forgiving, open minded
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American women less happy in childcare...much more with children...better social...pet almost as good as friend...us better working...french better eating...frnch advantage by having vacations....
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* Gratitude develops at age 7 related happ
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* Maintaining curiosity strength leads to happiness in adults...all children are this way
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* Positive outcomes in domains
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** Military outcomes best with love strength
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** Teacher outcomes best with zest humor
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** Kids academic Achievement controlling for IQ correlated with perseverance, love, & gratitude
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** Happy kids correlated with love, hope, zest, gratitude
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** Parenting....child happiness associated with self control
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* Faith, hope, and love strengths up after 9/11
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* Using signature strengths in novel ways leads to less depression and more happiness
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* Showed amazing graph of the tradeoffs in strengths along 2 dimensions (heart/mind & self/other)...lower correlations of strength incidence when things fall at different areas of the graph
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Life factors impact life sat...not experienced
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== MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications ==
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Cost benefit of mates.....married less alone...more w fam less w friends  more compulsory home tasks  less discretionary activities....people who are rich work a lot and don't like it much more
 
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2 dimensions of happiness.....pleasure and arousal....satisfied equals aroused but tense
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* Professor of Psychology
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* Claremont Graduate University (CA) USA
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* Characteristics of Flow
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** Focused attention
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** Less self conscious
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** Action and awareness merge
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** Freedom from work about failure
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** Forget about time
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** Experience is its own reward...auto telic
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* Conditions which lead to flow
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** Clear goals at every step
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** Immediate feedback to actions
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** Balance between challenge and skill else anxiety or boredom
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* Talked  about buildings in denmark and  getty center which he helped design to encourage flow
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* used examples or people in flow like poet, chess player
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* Fast company article on flow
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Improving time use in addition to attention
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== JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science ==
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Tal ben shahr....mindfulness to process gratitude deeper
 
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* Associate Professor of Psychology
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* University of Virginia (VA) USA
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* Ancient wisdom
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** We are more like an elephant rider than a car driver..ie. our minds are hard to control exactly
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** Flourishing class he teaches where you need to train the elephant, rather than just deciding to be different
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** Change elephant/minds surrounding
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** Understand rider/elephant relationship is key
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* We are moralistic hypocrites...accurate of others...blind to our own moral issues
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* Naive realism
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* Motivated reasoning  search for evidence on side we want to suppport
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* Manacheism - the framing of things in pure good/evil terms
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** ie bush/bin laden vs samsara (In India, good/evil are seen as less separate)
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* Foundations of morals
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** 5 groups - Harm, fairness, ingroup, authority, purity
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** sacred victim vs Sacred system
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** Liberals use Harm/Fairness...conserv use all 5 foundations
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** Perhaps diversity and mobility in places where liberals live lead to thin morality
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* Happiness hypothesis...
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** From outside getting what you want or from within...
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** auth hap goos work,love and strengths in service of others...
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** Ultrasociality - bees, wasps, ants, termites, moles and humans
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** Slider switch of altruism
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** Good leader makes good hive
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** Happiness comes from between relationships (ie. harmonious relationship between elephant and rider)
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Peterson strengths....age eq more religious. Less humor...married eq more forgive
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== Poster Notes ==
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* Add humility to psychwiki.
 +
* Optimism vs optimism induction in network analysis scheier
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Content analysis of talk about child
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== Other Notes ==
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Youth most love, kind. Creative, humor, curious
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Less authentic, grateful, modest, forgiving, open minded
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Gratitude comes at 7 related happ
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* Research competition for next year on the relationship between positive energy and place.  
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Maintaining curiosity leads to happiness in adults...all children are this way
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* There will be a positive psychology related conference in Mysore, India?
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Positive outcomes
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Military eq love
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Teacher eq zest humor
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academic kids contr iq eq persevere love, grat
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Happy kids eq love, hope, zest, grat
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Parenting....parent self control eq child hap
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Faith hope and love up after 9 11
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Use signature strengths in novel ways less depr and more happy
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Tradeoff graph....heart mind....self other
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Flow
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Focused attention
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-
Less self conscious
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-
Action and awareness merge
+
-
Freedom from work about failure
+
-
Forget about time
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-
Experience is its own reward auto telic
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-
 
+
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Conditions
+
-
Clear goals at every step
+
-
Immediate feedback to actions
+
-
Balance between challenge and skill else anxiety or boredom
+
-
 
+
-
Talk about buildings in denmark and  getty center
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Examples like poet, chess
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Fast company article on flow
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Lyubomirsky
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3 sets of data on happiness effects
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Haidt ancient wisdom
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Rider driver vs elephant
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Flourishing class
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Train elephant
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Change elephant surrounding
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Understand rider elephant relationship
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-
 
+
-
We are moralistic hypocrites...accurate of others...blind to self
+
-
Naive realism
+
-
Motivated reasoning  search for evidence on side we want to suppport
+
-
Manacheism  bush bin laden vs samsara
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-
Foundations of morals  5 groups
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-
Harm fairness ingroup authority purity
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-
 
+
-
sacred victim vs Sacred system
+
-
Liberals use victim...conserv use all 5
+
-
Diversity and mobility lead to thin morality
+
-
 
+
-
Happiness hypothesis...
+
-
From outside getting what you want or from within...auth hap goos work,love and strengths in service of others...
+
-
Ultrasociality bees wasps ants termites moles and us
+
-
Slider switch of altruism
+
-
Good leader makes good hive
+
-
Happiness comes from between relationships
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Res competitions on pos energy and place oct 4-6 2006...mysore conference?
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Latest revision as of 02:03, 24 November 2010

This page is for notes from the 2006 Positive Psychology Summit held at the Gallup Building in Washington DC. These notes are the reconstructed and filtered opinions of attendees and as such, do not represent any official record or official viewpoint of any of the presenters. No attendee could reasonably attend every session or write down every wonderful detail as well, so please excuse the incompleteness. Still, in the spirit of positive psychology, it is hoped that these notes prove useful to positive psychology researchers.

If you attended the summit and have notes to contribute, please consider editing this document by using the edit tab at the top of this page or the edit link in each section. Good formatting is encouraged, but don't worry if it isn't formatted perfectly as others who are watching this page will help.


Contents

Workshop: Teaching Positive Psychology - Tal Ben-Shahar

"This is a class I wanted to take as an undergrad". "people can tell when you are talking from the inside...share your own experiences."


PANEL: WELL-BEING IN AFRICA


RICHARD FLORIDA - The Flight of the Creative Class: The New Global Competition for Talent

BARBARA FREDRICKSON Positive Emotions Broaden Your Mind and Build the Life You Want

MICHAEL STEGER - The Pursuit of Meaning in Life

University of Louisville (KY) USA

PENN MASTER OF APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

DANIEL KAHNEMAN - The Structure of Well-Being in Two Cities

CHRISTOPHER PETERSON & NANSOOK PARK Character Strengths and Virtues: Recent Findings

MIHALY CSIKSZENTMIHALYI Flow: History, Theory and Applications

JON HAIDT How to Flourish Using Ancient Wisdom and Modern Science

Poster Notes

Other Notes

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